was established by King Eumenes 2 and was given the name of "Hiera"
in the honour of the wife of Telephos, the legendary establisher of the ancient Pergamum.
Hierapolis was visited frequently by the people from the nearest
cities and Laodicea -the ancient site established before Hierapolis, for using the
thermal springs known for its curing properties to various illnesses. From the 3 BC, as
the fame of Hierapolis increased continually, migrations started from around and
Hierapolis became an attractive and a favorable settlement, a rival city to Laodicea.
Hierapolis was given to the Roman Empire in 133 BC, in
the will of Pergamon King, Attalos 2. The city was destroyed completely by an earthquake
in 17AD, in the reign of Tiberious. The re-construction of Hierapolis was started in 60
AD, during the reign of Nero. Hierapolis reached its high and lived the most prosperous
periods during the reign of Severus and his son Caracalla, around the years of 196AD and
215AD. A considerable development existed in the city, in art and culture. Many rich
marble mines were founded and the marbles of Hierapolis were used in Hagia Sophia of
Hierapolis was governed by a Roman governor of
the Roman period. Sources stated that the city was also visited by Hadrian. With the
division of the Roman Empire into two in 395 AD, the city was ruled by the Byzantine.
Hierapolis became the capital of Phyrigia during the reign of Constantine.
The acceptance of Christianity created a new stage for
the social and religious structure of Hierapolis becoming a patriarchal center.
Also, in 80 AD, St. Philip -one of the 12 Apostles, was thought to have been killed in
Hierapolis. The city lost its prior importance from the early of the 6th
century, continuing to the 11th century. The dreadful earthquake in 1354 meant
the city was emptied, totally and has not settled properly since that date, even in
Turkish-Ottoman periods. The city was covered by the uncontrolled waters and travertine.
Today the thermal waters of Hierapolis reached to its former fame and became an
interesting touristical center for foreigners.
Hierapolis was not reputed only for its thermal waters,
but also for its various temples and social activities including the lively festivals and
music concerts, favored by all. Therefore, tourism was one of the main incomes of
Hierapolis, during that era. Textile was also developed gradually and became the principal
source of the citys prosperity.
How to Go?
Generally, all agencies of Kusadasi provide
reasonable packet tours to Pamukkale by buses with the professional guides. Also from the
bus station of Kusadasi, there is a variety of buses going to "Denizli", that is
about 18 km away from Hierapolis. After reaching to Denizli, you may easily find minibuses