The known history
of Magnesia (ad Meandrum) dates back to the 11th century BC, by Aeolians from
Thessaly. Due to the great influence of the Ion Cities around the region, the city of
Magnesia was re-constructed by the generosity of Miletos during the 6th BC.
Magnesia was governed by the Roman Empire in 129 BC. The city did not accept the invasion
of the King of Pontus, Mithridates in 88-84 BC, preferring to support for the Romans. As a
result, Magnesia was granted the title of "free city" during the re-conquering
of the region by the Romans. The city was given a special status and reached to its high
throughout the era. Additionally, the city of Magnesia was considered to be the seventh
city of Asia. As a seat of bishopric, the city continued its existence during the
Byzantine period. Magnesia lost its prior importance from 11th century,
continuing to 14th century. Today, the region is not inhabited.
Built by the architect Hermogenes, The Temple of Artemis, stands
near the road on the right. The marvelous example of Ionic temple was once consisted of
eight columns on the façade and fifteen on the long sides, and was raised by nine steps.
The theatre , located near the agora is reputed for that it has never been
completely finished during the date. The ruins of a Roman gymnasium is situated to
the west, and the site of the stadium is on the southern side of
How to Go?
The ancient Magnesia is approximately 22 km away from Kusadasi, close to
Soke. As the site is not a frequently visited place, it is
advisable to make a private tour. The city is a good opportunity for the lovers of