Halicarnassus was captured by the first Crusades in
1096 after the fall of Rome in 400 A.D. and the rise of Christianity. However it was taken by the
Turks after three years.
In 1392 the city was added to the Ottoman Empire by
Sultan Beyazit which started to be called as the Province of Menteshe. During that time the Knights of St. John's Castle was in
Smyrna which was destroyed by the Mongol leader Tamerlane in 1402 so they were given
Halicarnassus to build their new castle and control the town for longer than one century.
In 1523 the Magnificent Suleyman of the Ottoman Empire expelled the Knights. Bodrum was used as Turkish Naval Base during the Greek revolt in
1824. During the First World War Duplex the French battleship fired
Bodrum and tired to land into the city however the inhabitants were able to prevent this. In
1919 Italians occupied the city until
1922 when the Turks dispatched the Italians during the Turkish Independence War.
How to Go???
Bodrum is located 149km away from Kusadasi. It can be reached by the buses running from Kusadasi or visited daily with private or group tours.